Thank you for your interest in this teleseries. Below you will find the biographical sketches of the amazing (and diverse!) guests who participated in this historic series of conversations—a veritable Who’s Who of evolutionary Christian thought and practice. (Click HERE to see them categorized by affiliation.
UPDATE: The entire set of 38 downloadable audios, transcripts, study guides, leaders manual, topical index, and guidelines for reflection and journaling can be found HERE.
“God and Evolution”
Ian Barbour is an American scholar on the relationship between science and religion. He has been credited with creating the contemporary field of science and religion.
He received his B.Sc. in physics from Swarthmore College, his M.Sc. in physics from Duke University in 1946, and a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Chicago in 1950. He earned a B.Div. in 1956 from Yale University’s Divinity School. Barbour taught for many years at Carleton College, with appointments as professor of religion and as Winifred and Atherton Bean Professor Emeritus of Science, Technology and Society. He has held emeritus honors there since 1986.
In his 1966 groundbreaking book, Issues in Science and Religion, Barbour laid out a series of well-crafted arguments involving issues in epistemology, language, and methodology. Together, these arguments provided a “bridge” between science and religion. He has explored these arguments in detail since then.
From the outset, Barbour used the term “critical realism” to stand for the specific set of arguments he first developed in 1966. Most scholars in the field have adopted the term.
Barbour gave the Gifford lectures from 1989 – 1991 at the University of Aberdeen. These lectures led to the book, Religion in an Age of Science. In 1999 he was awarded the Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion, in recognition of his efforts to create a dialogue between the worlds of science and religion.
For videos of interviews with Ian Barbour conducted by Robert Kuhn for PBS, go to: http://www.closertotruth.com and in the Search box on the top right, type Ian Barbour.
Bruce Sanguin “Evolutionary Christian Mysticism and Cosmological Midrash”
Bruce Sanguin has been serving Canadian Memorial United Church (Vancouver, BC) since 1996. The United Church of Canada is a progressive mainline church in North America, and within the United Church, Canadian Memorial is an open hearted, open-minded congregation teaching and practicing evolutionary Christian spirituality.
This community is engaged in an inquiry as to what the scientific principle of emergence looks like in a church. What are the spiritual practices, programs, and cultural processes that are aligned with evolutionary emergence and interpreted as a divine strategy for creating a new world? What new meanings emerge from scripture through deep-time eyes and a mystic’s heart? You can join the conversation at http://www.ifdarwinprayed.com or by visiting http://www.canadianmemorial.org
Sanguin is the author of Summoning the Whirlwind: Contemporary Sermons for a Relevant Christian Faith (Canadian Memorial Press, 2005); Darwin, Divinity, and the Dance of the Cosmos: An Ecological Christianity (Woodlake Press, 2007); The Emerging Church: A Model for Change and a Map for Renewal (Woodlake Books, 2008). His latest book is If Darwin Prayed: Prayers for Evolutionary Mystics (ESC Press, 2010) in which Sanguin offers 21st century prayers he has written for worship leaders and personal devotion. They synthesize science, poetry, literature, and evolutionary theology.
Sanguin is a bit of a fitness freak, practicing hot yoga, strength training, and tennis and golf whenever he can find a game. He reads way too much and is an avid film buff. His daughter, Sarah, is a successful actor and musician living in L.A., and together with his wife, Ann, they enjoy four grandchildren.
“Beyond the Evolution vs. Creation Debate”
Denis O. Lamoureux is an associate professor of science and religion at St. Joseph’s College in the University of Alberta. His appointment is the first tenure-track position in Canada dedicated to teaching and research on the relationship between scientific discovery and Christian faith. Lamoureux’s academic specialty focuses on the modern origins controversy.
Lamoureux holds three earned doctoral degrees—dentistry, theology, and biology. He is a member of the executive council of the Canadian Scientific and Christian Affiliation and is a Fellow of the American Scientific Affiliation. Cited in the Who’s Who of Theology and Science, he holds membership in the Evangelical Theology Society and the Canadian Evangelical Theological Association.
Lamoureux lectures throughout Canada and the United States in both Christian and public academic institutions. He is the author of Evolutionary Creation: A Christian Approach to Evolution (2008) — a condensed version of which was published in 2009 and titled, I Love Jesus and I Accept Evolution.
“Integral Christian Spirituality”
Ross Hostetter is part of the founding circle at Boulder Integral. Ross has enjoyed a distinguished career as an attorney, mediator, and professional trainer spanning 30 years. He came to Boulder to become General Counsel of the Integral Institute. Much of his life has been devoted to formal theoretical study and the full-bodied experience of many states and stages of development, with a particular emphasis on the spiritual line. Ross is working at Boulder Integral to create a matrix of shared agreement, structure, practice, and open-hearted community that will express the possibilities of the Integral worldview. He and his partner Mary have been married for 20 years and are raising three children together. At the present time Ross is responsible for the business functions of Boulder Integral.
Karl W. Giberson – “The Heart and Soul of the Evolution Controversy”
Karl Giberson teaches science and religion, and directs the honors program at Eastern Nazarene College. He is one of the leading scholarly voices in America’s ongoing controversy over evolution. He has published over two hundred articles, reviews, and essays, both technical and popular, and written seven books: Worlds Apart: The Unholy War Between Science and Religion (1993); Species of Origins: America’s Search for a Creation Story (2002, with Don Yerxa); Oracles of Science: Celebrity Scientists Versus God and Religion (2007 with the late Mariano Artigas); Saving Darwin: How to Be a Christian and Believe in Evolution (2008); The Language of Faith and Science: Straight Answers to Genuine Questions (forthcoming, with Francis Collins); Quantum Leap: How John Polkinghorne Found God in Science and Religion (forthcoming, with Dean Nelson); and The Anointed: America’s Evangelical Experts (forthcoming, with Randall Stephens).
In addition to blogging regularly at the Huffington Post and BioLogos Forum, Giberson has written for Salon.com, Discover, Perspectives on Science & Faith, Books & Culture, Quarterly Review of Biology, Weekly Standard, Christianity Today, Zygon, USA Today and other journals. He writes and speaks widely about all aspects of the creation–evolution controversy. Giberson is vice-president of the BioLogos Foundation, a think tank aimed at helping Christians integrate their faith with contemporary science. He was the founding editor of Science & Theology News, the leading publication in the field until it ceased publication in 2006, and editor-in-chief of Science & Spirit magazine from 2003-2006. His book Saving Darwin was recognized by the Washington Post Book World as “one of the best books of 2008.” His work has appeared in several languages, and his book Oracles of Science has been translated into Italian, Spanish, and Polish.
“Process Christianity in the 21st Century”
John B. Cobb Jr. was born in Japan in 1925 to parents who were Methodist missionaries. In 1940 he moved to Georgia for high school. After graduation he attended a junior college, Emory College (now Oxford College of Emory University) at Oxford, Georgia. He was deeply devout and held strong moral convictions, fighting racism and prejudice among his peers. Joining the army in 1944, he met intellectuals from other religions, including Judaism and Catholicism, who showed him new perspectives. At about this time he had a religious experience that led him to become a minister. These experiences gave him a taste for intellectual thought. He entered an interdepartmental program at the University of Chicago, where he tested his faith by setting out to learn all the modern world’s objections to Christianity, so that he could answer to them. His faith did not come out intact. Cobb became disillusioned with much of his previous belief. Hoping to resolve his crisis of faith and reconcile the modern worldview with his Christian faith, he transferred to the Divinity School in 1947. He was successful primarily with the help of Richard McKeon, a philosophical relativist, and Charles Hartshorne, who taught him Whiteheadian metaphysics and philosophy, which Hartshorne had integrated into what would become known as process theology. This gave Cobb renewed confidence in the idea of God.
Cobb received his M.A. in 1949 and Ph.D. in 1952. He then taught at the Candler School of Theology of Emory University until 1958, when he moved to the Claremont School of Theology, where he stayed until his retirement in 1990. He collaborated with Lewis S. Ford in 1971 to start a journal called Process Studies. In 1973 he worked with David Ray Griffin in founding the Center for Process Studies. He is the author of 30 books.
Charles H. Townes
“The Convergence of Science and Religion”
Charles H. Townes was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1964 for his pioneering work on the laser. He was born in Greenville, South Carolina in 1915. He attended the Greenville public schools and then Furman University in Greenville, where he completed the requirements for the Bachelor of Science degree in Physics and the Bachelor of Arts degree in Modern Languages, graduating summa cum laude in 1935, at the age of 19. Townes completed work for the Master of Arts degree in Physics at Duke University in 1936, and then entered graduate school at the California Institute of Technology, where he received the Ph.D. degree in 1939 with a thesis on isotope separation and nuclear spins.
At Columbia University, where he was appointed to the faculty in 1948, he conducted research in microwave physics, particularly studying the interactions between microwaves and molecules, and using microwave spectra for the study of the structure of molecules, atoms, and nuclei. In 1951 Dr. Townes conceived the idea of the maser, which is an acronym for microwave amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. In 1960 the first ruby maser, or laser, was constructed, paving the way for a technology that would revolutionize engineering, medicine, and communications.
In 2005 Townes was awarded the Templeton Prize, for contributions to the understanding of religion, based largely on his influential essay, “The Convergence of Science and Religion“, originally published in IBM’s Think magazine.
“Open Christianity and Progressive Faith”
Jim Burklo is the Associate Dean of Religious Life at the University of Southern California. Reverend Burklo received his B.S. in Social Relations from UC Riverside, his M.Div. from San Francisco Theological Seminary, and his ministerial ordination from the United Church of Christ. He currently teaches at USC’s School of Social Work and he is a faculty mentor for the Professionalism and the Practice of Medicine course at the Keck School of Medicine.
For eight years he served as the ecumenical Protestant minister for the United Campus Christian Ministry at Stanford University, where he supervised student projects, retreats, and internships related to spirituality and social justice. Burklo serves on the executive council of The Center for Progressive Christianity and is the author of two books, Open Christianity: Home by Another Road and Birdlike and Barnless: Meditations, Prayers, Poems, and Songs for Progressive Christians.
While at Stanford University, Burklo served as the vice-chair of the Community Working Group-Opportunity Center, which built a $24 million housing complex for Palo Alto’s homeless residents. He previously served as Executive Director of the Urban Ministry of Palo Alto, an interfaith non-profit cooperation serving thousands of homeless people annually. He was also the Associate Director of the Ecumenical Hunger Program, an interfaith hunger relief agency based in East Palo Alto. Previously he pastored Sausalito Presbyterian Church, known for its progressive theology and creative liturgy, and College Heights Church, known for its commitment to spiritual growth through interfaith exploration.
Brian McLaren – “Naked Spirituality and A New Kind of Christianity”
Brian D. McLaren is an author, speaker, pastor, blogger, and networker among innovative Christian leaders, thinkers, and activists. His work has been covered in Time magazine (where he was listed as one of America’s 25 most influential evangelicals), Christianity Today, Christian Century, The Washington Post, and many other print media.
McLaren has been active in networking and mentoring church planters and pastors since the mid 1980s and has assisted in the development of several new churches. He is a popular conference speaker and a frequent guest lecturer at seminaries and denominational gatherings, nationally and internationally.
He is the author of numerous books, including A Generous Orthodoxy, which has been called a manifesto of the emerging church, and The Secret Message of Jesus. His more recent books, Everything Must Change and A New Kind of Christianity, explore the intersection of contemporary culture, global crises, and Christian faith. His 2011 release, Naked Spirituality: A Life with God in Twelve Simple Words, will focus on soul formation and the inner life.
McLaren has served on a number of boards, including Emergent Village (http://www.emergentvillage.com) and Sojourners: (http://sojo.net). He is a founding member of Red Letter Christians, a group of communicators seeking to broaden and deepen the dialogue about faith and public life. He is a key participant in the emerging global dialogue about the future of Christian faith in its many forms. His website is: http://BrianMcLaren.net
John Shelby Spong
“Celebrating Post-Theistic Christian Faith”
John Shelby Spong, whose books have sold more than a million copies, was bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Newark for 24 years before his retirement in 2001. His admirers acclaim him as a teaching bishop who makes contemporary theology accessible to the ordinary layperson — he’s considered the champion of an inclusive faith by many, both inside and outside the Christian church. In one of his recent books, The Sins of Scripture: Exposing the Bible’s Texts of Hate to Discover the God of Love (San Francisco: HarperOne, 2005), this visionary thinker seeks to introduce readers to a proper way to engage the holy book of the Judeo-Christian tradition.
A committed Christian who has spent a lifetime studying the Bible and whose life has been deeply shaped by it, Bishop Spong says he was not interested in Bible bashing. “I come to this interpretive task not as an enemy of Christianity,” he says. “I am not even a disillusioned former Christian, as some of my scholar-friends identify themselves. I am a believer who knows and loves the Bible deeply. But I also recognize that parts of it have been used to undergird prejudices and to mask violence.”
A visiting lecturer at Harvard and at universities and churches worldwide, Bishop Spong delivers more than 200 public lectures each year to standing-room-only crowds. His bestselling books include Rescuing the Bible from Fundamentalism; A New Christianity for a New World; Why Christianity Must Change or Die; and Here I Stand.
Bishop Spong’s extensive media appearances include a profile segment on 60 Minutes, as well as appearances on Good Morning America, Fox News Live, Politically Incorrect, Larry King Live, The O’Reilly Factor, William F. Buckley’s Firing Line, and Extra. Bishop Spong and his wife, Christine Mary Spong, have five children and six grandchildren. They live in New Jersey.
Ian Lawton – “An Inclusive Faith for the ‘Spiritual But Not Religious’”
Ian Lawton was ordained as an Anglican Priest in Sydney, Australia, in 1994. He worked on Sydney’s inner city streets and saw the reality of human suffering firsthand. He sought a spirituality that made a difference in people’s lives. He went on to complete a second degree in sociology.
In 2000 Lawton moved to Auckland, New Zealand, where he became the vicar of St. Matthew in the City. He had four great years at St Matthews — a never-dull, gothic, white stone building in the shadows of the towering casino. His world opened up during those years, as he was exposed to Maori language and culture and mixed with a stimulating community. Bishop John Shelby Spong then convinced Ian to move his family to Grand Rapids, Michigan, to lead C3Exchange (formerly Christ Community Church), where he now lives with his wife Meg and three children.
The last seven years at C3Exchange have been transformative, as Lawton incorporated Zen training as well as Ken WIlber’s Integral theory into his spiritual path. The C3 community has gone from strength to strength as they model what a new spiritual community looks like. As well as leading C3Exchange, the Lawtons offer spiritual resources through http://www.SoulSeeds.com to inspire and encourage both religious and nonreligious people in all stages of life.
Kenneth R. Miller – “Evolution and the Battle for America’s Soul”
Kenneth R. Miller is Professor of Biology at Brown University. He earned his Ph.D. in 1974 at the University of Colorado and spent six years teaching at Harvard University before returning to Brown. He is a cell biologist and chairs the Education Committee of the American Society for Cell Biology. He serves as an advisor on life sciences to the NewsHour, a daily PBS television program on news and public affairs.
Miller is coauthor, with Joseph S. Levine, of four different high school and college biology textbooks used by millions of students nationwide. He has received five major teaching awards, and in 2005 was given the Presidential Citation of the American Institute for Biological Sciences for distinguished service in the field of Biology. In 2006 he received the Public Service Award from the American Society for Cell Biology, and in 2007 was given the Science Educator Award from the Exploratorium Museum in San Francisco.
One of Miller’s principal interests is the public understanding of evolution. He has written a number of articles defending the scientific integrity of evolution, answering challenges such as “intelligent design,” and he has debated a number of anti-evolutionists over the years. His book, Finding Darwin’s God: A Scientist’s Search for Common Ground Between God and Evolution, addresses the scientific status of evolutionary theory and its relationship to religious views of nature. He also wrote Only a Theory: Evolution and the Battle for America’s Soul.
“Evolving Prayer and Ritual Celebrations”
Michael Morwood has over 40 years experience in retreat, education, parish, and youth ministries in Australia and overseas. He is interested in helping Christians examine what they believe and why they believe it, what they imagine and why they imagine the way they do. While articulating faith in Jesus in ways that resonate with a contemporary understanding of our place in the universe, his concern also embraces the urgent need to shape an understanding of “God” and revelation that is not exclusive to any particular culture or religion.
Morwood was a member of Missionaries of the Sacred Heart for 38 years—29 of them in priestly ministry. He has an MA in Pastoral Ministry from Boston College. Following the banning of his book Tomorrow’s Catholic, and his silencing by Archbishop George Pell in Melbourne in 1998, Morwood resigned from religious life and priestly ministry.
Morwood is the author of God Is Near: Trusting Our Faith (Crossroads); Tomorrow’s Catholic: Understanding God and Jesus in a New Millennium (Twenty-Third Publications); Is Jesus God? Finding Our Faith (Crossroads); Praying a New Story (Orbis); From Sand to Solid Ground: Questions of Faith for Modern Catholics (Crossroads); and Children Praying a New Story: A Resource for Parents, Grandparents and Teachers (Kelmor Publications).
“Reverent Irreverence and Integral Faith”
Tom Thresher is the pastor of a nascent Integral Church in western Washington. Long a student of consciousness and spirituality, his exploration was inspired by eight years of intensive transformational work in a small group setting nearly 40 years ago. Ironically, that experience led him into economics. After completing a Masters in Economics and a Doctorate in Education at Stanford University, he taught economics for a decade.
Following a personal crisis, Thresher left college teaching and worked for twelve years as an artist/craftsman. Over the years he studied and worked with a Native American shaman, explored Zen and Yoga, and developed his own westernized spiritual practices. A series of extraordinary events led him to seminary in 1998. He is now an ordained minister and spiritual teacher in the emerging field of Evolutionary Christianity. He has studied and taught Integral Theory for fifteen years.
In addition to pastoring, Thresher teaches Leadership and Personal Development at Bainbridge Graduate Institute, an MBA program in sustainable business. For the past eight years he has led groups exploring the interface of religion, spirituality, and science. He continues to develop and lead workshops in Transformational Inquiry and Integral philosophy. He is the author of Reverent Irreverence: Integral Church for the 21st Century, From Cradle to Christ-Consciousness, in which he claims that churches are uniquely positioned to transform our society.
“Radical Grace & Evolutionary Spirituality”
Fr. Richard Rohr entered the Franciscans in 1961 and was ordained to the priesthood in 1970, receiving his Master’s Degree in Theology from Dayton that same year. He founded the New Jerusalem Community in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1971, and the Center for Action and Contemplation in Albuquerque, New Mexico in 1986, where he serves as Founding Director. He lives in a hermitage behind his Franciscan community in Albuquerque and divides his time between local work and preaching and teaching on all continents.
Rohr considers the proclamation of the Gospel to be his primary call, and he uses many different platforms to communicate that message. Scripture as liberation, the integration of action and contemplation, community building, peace and justice issues, male spirituality, the enneagram, and eco-spirituality would all be themes that he addresses in service of the Gospel.
He is probably best known for his numerous audio and video progams, and through the Center’s newsletter, Radical Grace. He is a contributing editor/writer for Sojourners magazine and recently published a seven-part Lenten Series for National Catholic Reporter.
John F. Haught
“Darwin, God, and the Drama of Life”
John F. Haught (Ph.D. Catholic University, 1970) is Senior Fellow, Science & Religion, at Woodstock Theological Center, Georgetown University. He was formerly Professor in the Department of Theology at Georgetown University (1970-2005) and Chair (1990-95).
His area of specialization is systematic theology, with a particular interest in issues pertaining to science, cosmology, evolution, ecology, and religion. He is the author of many books including, Making Sense of Evolution: Darwin, God and the Drama of Life; God and the New Atheism; and Christianity and Science: Toward a Theology of Nature. Haught has also authored numerous articles and reviews.
In 2002 he was the winner of the Owen Garrigan Award in Science and Religion, in 2004 the Sophia Award for Theological Excellence, and in 2008 a “Friend of Darwin Award” from the National Center for Science Education. He testified for the plaintiffs in the Harrisburg, PA “Intelligent Design trial” (Kitzmiller et al. vs. Dover Board of Education). In recognition of his work on theology and science, he was awarded the degree of Doctor Honoris Causa by the University of Louvain in 2009. He and his wife Evelyn have two sons and live in Falls Church, Virginia.
Mary Southard – “Deep-Time Art and the Language of the Heart”
Mary Southard, CSJ is a life-adventurer in matters of the heart and of the amazing beauty, wisdom, and creativity of our Sacred Universe. As a visual artist she works in a variety of media as a painter and sculptor and is best known as creator of the Earth Calendar. Mary is also an experienced educator, retreat facilitator, and a voice for the Earth Community.
Mary began to realize the power and importance of “art” during a paralyzing crisis in her own life. She discovered that painting was the one thing she could do to restore energy, as well as heal, and to reveal and explore the depths within. Realizing that her work also spoke to others, she arranged a year of study to explore the relationship of creativity and spirituality. “I was being led into Sacred Spaces of soul that connected me to others, eventually to everyone and everything — to my place within all of creation.”
Around the same time, attuned to the natural world and awakened by the stress on the planet, Mary began a focused contemplative exploration of the evolutionary Universe. Mentored by Thomas Berry, Brian Swimme, and others, and learning some “new science,” she found this cosmological worldview making even more tangible her sense of the Divine intimately present and active at the heart of Creation. She loves to share this good news of the Universe with others, inviting them to enter the Story. “I see more clearly than ever that we are essentially creative beings, engaged with the Creator in the Great Work of our time. We are all co-creators, participating in a radical shift taking place in our understanding of the nature of the Universe and our human place in it.”
“Evolution and Creation Spirituality”
Matthew Fox was a member of the Dominican Order for 34 years. He holds a doctorate (received summa cum laude) in the History and Theology of Spirituality from the Institut Catholique de Paris. Seeking to establish a pedagogy that was friendly to learning spirituality, he established an Institute in Culture and Creation Spirituality that operated for seven years at Mundelein College in Chicago and twelve years at Holy Names College in Oakland. For ten of those years at Holy Names College, Cardinal Ratzinger (now Pope Benedict), as the Catholic Church’s chief inquisitor and head of the Congregation of Doctrine and Faith, tried to shut the program down. Ratzinger silenced Fox for one year in 1988 and forced him to step down as director. Three years later he expelled Fox from the order and then had the program terminated. Rather than disband his amazing ecumenical faculty, Fox started the University of Creation Spirituality. Fox was president of UCS for nine years. He currently resides in Oakland, California, and is a scholar in residence with the Academy for the Love of Learning. He lectures, teaches, and writes and serves as president of the nonprofit he created in 1984, Friends of Creation Spirituality. He is the author of 28 books, including Original Blessing; The Coming of the Cosmic Christ; and Natural Grace.
“When the Inside is the New Outside”
Sally Morgenthaler is recognized as an innovator in religious practices worldwide, catalyzing new trends in worship, congregational systems, gender relations, and leadership. Known best for her work in The Emergent Manifesto of Hope, Morgenthaler’s “Leadership in a Flattened World” called for a major shift in how clergy lead congregations: from command-and-control paradigms to radical collaboration. For the past two decades she has been a trusted interpreter of post-religious culture, as well as a prophetic voice — calling North American Christianity out of its inward-focus to become a transforming, generative presence in the world.
In early 2010 Morgenthaler left her work with religious institutions to explore the convergence of a developmental view of life (evolutionary) and spirituality. Interior Design: When the Inside Is the New Outside is her current book project, which explores the exponential rise of interiority vis-a-vis social networking, story-hunger (an increasing obsession with story, worldwide), the rise of the right brain (cultural creatives), advances in neuroscience, and an accelerating trend toward holism (the both/and). She is also co-authoring a book with Joseph Myers, titled, Technomadics: How People Belong and Behave Now. Technomadics reveals the shift into 21st century’s neo-nomadicism and maps its effects on everyday life.
Morgenthaler has been adjunct professor at Yale University, Asbury Seminary, Fuller Theological Seminary, George Fox University, Gordon Conwell Seminary, Mars Hill Graduate School, and Baylor University. She has also been a featured speaker at numerous conferences, including Catalyst, The American Society of Church Growth, The Beeson Institute, The Emergent National Conference, C21, The National Pastors Convention, Net Results, and National Worship Leaders Conference.
Morgenthaler is also a professional nature photographer and resides in both Denver and L.A.
Gloria Schaab – “Dwelling in the Word: Divine Revelation in the Cosmos”
Gloria L. Schaab is a Catholic evolutionary theologian and assistant professor of systematic theology at Barry University in Miami Shores, FL, where she teaches undergraduate and graduate students in theology. She earned the Ph.D. in systematic theology at Fordham University, NY in 2005. Her scholarly work focuses on God as Trinity, evolutionary theology, and feminist theology. She has published in Theological Studies; Zygon — The Journal of Religion and Science; Theology and Science; Heythrop Journal; and International Journal of Public Theology, among others, and contributed entries to The Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity and the forthcoming Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions.
Schaab’s monograph The Creative Suffering of the Triune God: An Evolutionary Theology, published in 2007 by Oxford University Press, is the only book-length treatment of the theology of the late theologian-biochemist Arthur R. Peacocke. Using Peacocke’s evolutionary insights, Schaab presents a triune God who suffers in, with, and under the suffering of the cosmos through a panentheistic God-world relationship. She developed the image of “Midwifery as a Model for Ecological Ethics: Expanding Arthur Peacocke’s Models of Man-in-Creation,” published in Zygon in 2007. Because of such works, Schaab was accorded the honor of presenting the keynote “Evolutionary Theory and Theology: A Mutually Illuminative Dialogue” at the Zygon Symposium honoring Arthur R. Peacocke in 2008.
Schaab has also engaged the evolutionary insights of Teilhard de Chardin, focusing on his evolutionary cosmology, as well as on the convergence of Teilhard’s Christocentric worldview with Trinitarian theology. Her work, “The Divine Welling Up and Showing Through: Teilhard’s Evolutionary Theology in a Trinitarian Panentheistic-Procreative Paradigm” appeared in the series Teilhard Studies. Her new book on evolutionary theology, entitled Intimate Relations: Creation, Incarnation, and Grace in an Evolving Cosmos, is scheduled for publication in 2013 by Anselm Academic Press. Schaab is a member of the religious congregation of the Sisters of Saint Joseph of Philadelphia. Her webpage is: http://www.barry.edu/Theology/faculty/profiles/gSchaab.asp.
William D. Phillips
“Ordinary Faith, Ordinary Science”
William D. Phillips was co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1997 for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light. Dr. Phillips is a United Methodist layperson and a founding member of the International Society for Science & Religion. He is one of three well-known scientists and Methodist laity who have involved themselves in the religion and science dialogue. The other two scientists and fellow Methodists are chemist Charles Coulson and 1981 Nobel laureate Arthur Leonard Schawlow.
Phillips is a professor of physics at University of Maryland, College Park. He received his physics doctorate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and was one of 35 Nobel Laureates to sign a letter urging President Obama to provide a stable $15 billion support for clean energy research, technology and demonstration.
Phillips has participated in the USA Science and Engineering Festival’s Lunch with a Laureate program, where middle and high school students get to engage in an informal conversation with a Nobel Prize-winning scientist over a brown bag lunch. Phillips is also a member of the USA Science and Engineering Festival’s Advisory Board.
Owen Gingerich is Professor Emeritus of Astronomy and of the History of Science at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. His research interests have ranged from the recomputation of an ancient Babylonian mathematical table to the interpretation of stellar spectra.
Professor Gingerich undertook a three-decade-long survey of Copernicus’ great book De revolutionibus, personally examining some 580 sixteenth-century copies in libraries scattered throughout Europe and North America, as well as those in China, Japan, and Australia. His annotated census of these books was published in 2002 as a 434-page monograph. In recognition of these studies he was awarded the Polish government’s Order of Merit in 1981, and subsequently an asteroid was named in his honor. An account of his Copernican adventures, The Book Nobody Read, is in fourteen foreign editions.
Gingerich has served as vice president of the American Philosophical Society (America’s oldest scientific academy) and he has served as chairman of the U.S. National Committee of the International Astronomical Union. He has been a councilor of the American Astronomical Society, and he helped organize its Historical Astronomy Division. In 2000 he won the Division’s Doggett Prize for his contributions to the history of astronomy. The AAS awarded him their Education Prize in 2004. In 2006 he won the most prestigious award of the French Astronomical Society, their Prix Janssen.
Gingerich has written some 200 technical or research articles and 300 reviews, as well as more than 250 educational, encyclopedia, or popular articles. With a strong interest in the science–religion dialogue, in 1999 he delivered an Advent sermon at the National Cathedral. Harvard University Press published the 2005 William Belden Noble Lectures, God’s Universe, which Gingerich presented at Harvard’s Memorial Church.
Ilia Delio – “The Emergent Christ and Evolutionary Catholicism”
Ilia Delio is a Senior Fellow at Woodstock Theological Center, Georgetown University, where she concentrates in the area of Science and Religion. She is currently involved in research projects on transhumanism, technology and evolution, and ecology and education. She is also exploring the theology of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. She is the recipient of a Templeton course award in Science and Religion, which she received in 2000. Prior to her appointment at Woodstock, she was Professor and Chair of Spirituality Studies at Washington Theological Union, where she taught in the areas of general spirituality, Franciscan theology, and Science and Religion. She holds a doctorate in Pharmacology from New Jersey Medical School / Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences and a doctorate in historical theology from Fordham University. She is the author of ten books including, The Humility of God, Christ in Evolution, and Care for Creation, which won two Catholic Press Book Awards in 2009. Her new book, The Emergent Christ: Exploring the Meaning of Catholic in an Evolutionary Universe, will be published in Spring 2011 (Orbis).
“Meeting God in Our Evolutionary Story”
Diarmuid O’Murchu is a member of the Sacred Heart Missionary Order, and is a graduate of Trinity College in Dublin. A social psychologist, most of his working life has been in social ministry, predominantly in London. In that capacity he has worked as a couples’ counselor, in bereavement work, AIDS-HIV counseling, and with homeless people and refugees. As a workshop leader and group facilitator, he has worked in Europe, USA, Canada, Australia, The Philippines, Thailand, India, Peru, and in several African countries, facilitating programmes on Adult Faith Development.
His best known books include Quantum Theology (1996, second edition 2004); Reclaiming Spirituality (1998); Evolutionary Faith (2002); Catching Up with Jesus (2005); The Transformation of Desire (2007); Ancestral Grace (2008); and Jesus in the Power of Poetry (2009).
Gail Worcelo – “Sisters of Earth and the Legacy of Thomas Berry”
Sr. Gail Worcelo is a retreat leader, teacher, and lecturer with degrees in Clinical Psychology and Christian Spirituality. She is also a writer, dancer, Catholic nun, and co-founder of Green Mountain Monastery, along with her mentor, the late Fr Thomas Berry. During her novitiate in 1984, Gail began her studies with Thomas Berry in the areas of cosmology and the history of the religious life tradition, with an awareness that all of the religious traditions of the planet were heading toward a new “Moment of Grace” and entering into their planetary/ cosmological phase.
Gail’s particular passion has been the re-founding of religious life within the context of the universe story. She has been giving retreats and lectures on this theme for the past 20 years with groups throughout the United States, Europe, Australia, Asia, Canada, and South America.
Gail is currently working on a book, Moments of Grace, which honors the extraordinary lineage of Catholic women’s religious communities and which explores the current evolutionary breakthrough of these communities as they emerge into greater Christ consciousness.
Doug Pagitt is a speaker and consultant for churches, denominations, and businesses throughout the United States and around the world on issues of postmodern culture, social systems, and Christianity. He received a BA in Anthropology and a Masters of Theology from Bethel Seminary.
Pagitt’s current professional endeavors include pastoring a Holistic Missional Christian Community, called Solomons Porch. He is an active speaker and writer and businessman, owning several businesses in Minneapolis, and he is always seeking to find creative, entrepreneurial, and generative ways to join in the hopes, dreams, and desires God has for the world.
Paggit is the author of A Christianity Worth Believing; Church Re-Imagined; Preaching Re-Imagined; and BodyPrayer. He is co-editor of An Emergent Manifesto of Hope.
Edward B. (Ted) Davis – “A History of the Creation-Evolution Conflict”
Edward B. (Ted) Davis is Distinguished Professor of the History of Science at Messiah College in Pennsylvania, where he teaches courses on historical and contemporary aspects of Christianity and science and directs the Central Pennsylvania Forum for Religion and Science. Mainly known for his work on the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century, Davis edited (with Michael Hunter) The Works of Robert Boyle, 14 vols. (London, 1999-2000) and a separate edition of Boyle’s influential treatise on God and nature. He wrote the chapter on Isaac Newton in Galileo Goes to Jail and Other Myths about Science and Religion, ed. Ronald Numbers (Harvard, 2009).
Davis has also written numerous articles and reviews on the history of religion and science in modern America, including a commentary on the Dover intelligent design trial (which he attended) that was published in the Winter 2006 edition of Religion in the News. BBC radio has featured his research on modern Jonah stories, published in Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith (December 1991). With support from the National Science Foundation and the John Templeton Foundation, Davis is currently writing a book about the religious beliefs of prominent American scientists in the 1920s. An article based on this project was published by American Scientist (May-June 2005).
Davis is a former president of the American Scientific Affiliation, “a fellowship of men and women of science and disciplines that can relate to science who share a common fidelity to the Word of God and a commitment to integrity in the practice of science.” Additional information is found at http://www.messiah.edu/hpages/facstaff/tdavis/home.htm.
Gretta Vosper – “Beyond God: Becoming What We Believe In”
Named one of 2009’s Most Compelling Women in Canada by More Magazine, Gretta Vosper has been in the spotlight since founding the Canadian Centre for Progressive Christianity in 2004. Her national bestselling book, With or Without God: Why the Way We Live is More Important than What We Believe was featured in the cover article of Maclean’s magazine’s 2008 Easter edition, as it challenges the clergy’s silence on contemporary scholarship. It was also included on Amazon’s list of Top 25 Books that Caused a Commotion. In that book and elsewhere, Gretta advocates that church-goers should be told that the Bible is not the authoritative word of God for all time. She calls the church to create communities grounded in values that promote the wellbeing of all life on the planet, rather than in indefensible doctrinal beliefs.
Bishop John Shelby Spong introduced Gretta to his readership as a guest columnist, calling her “one of the most exciting voices in 21st century Christianity.” Her work has been featured in media across Canada and internationally; she was the keynote speaker for Common Dreams, The International Conference for Religious Progressives in Melbourne, Australia in 2010. As a regular on the “Culture Wars” segment of the John Oakley Show on AM640, Toronto’s most popular Talk Radio morning program, Gretta brings a perspective that is welcomed by a broad spectrum of Christians and atheists alike.
Having twice narrowly avoided heresy trials, Gretta continues to lead West Hill United Church – “a progressive community of faith, growing out of the Christian tradition” – in Scarborough, Ontario. Non-exclusive inspirational liturgical and music resources written by Gretta and her partner, Scott Kearns, are used internationally. Her second book, this on the topic of prayer, is due to be published by HarperCollins Canada at Easter, 2012.
Philip Clayton – “The Emergence of Culture, Mind, and Religion”
Philip Clayton is a philosopher and theologian specializing in a range of issues that arise at the intersection between science and religion. Over the last several decades he has published and lectured extensively on many branches of this debate, including the history of modern philosophy, philosophy of science, comparative religions, and constructive theology.
Clayton received a PhD jointly from the Philosophy and Religious Studies departments at Yale University and is currently Ingraham Professor at Claremont School of Theology and Professor of Religion and Philosophy at Claremont Graduate University.
In addition to a variety of named lectureships, he has held visiting professorships at the University of Cambridge, the University of Munich, and Harvard University. Clayton’s numerous books and articles address the cultural battle currently raging between science and religion. Rejecting the scientism of Dawkins and friends, he argues, does not open the door to fundamentalism. Instead, a variety of complex and interesting positions are being obscured by the warring factions, whose fight to the death is attracting such intense attention today. Clayton has drawn on the resources of the sciences, philosophy, theology, and comparative religious thought to develop constructive partnerships between these two major cultural powers.
“Science & Faith in Understanding Reality”
John Polkinghorne was born in Weston-super-Mare, England in 1930. He began his studies in science, specifically physics. He earned both an M.A. and a Ph.D. at Trinity College Cambridge, where he focused on particle physics, and he was elected a Fellow in 1954. In 1956 he was appointed Lecturer in Mathematical Physics at the University of Edinburgh and returned to Cambridge as Lecturer two years later. Polkinghore was promoted to professor in 1968.
Polkinghorne’s career changed when in 1979 he resigned his professorship at Cambridge to pursue theological studies. Training at Westcott House, in Cambridge, he became a priest in the Church of England in 1982. Polkinghorne served two years as a parish priest in Bristol and then worked as a vicar in Kent before he returned to academia in 1986 to become Dean of Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He was then named President of Queens’ College in Cambridge from 1989 until he retired in 1996. He is currently a Fellow of Queens’ College and former Canon Theologian of Liverpool Cathedral.
Polkinghorne’s accomplishments include being elected Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1974 and Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in 1997. He was awarded the Templeton Prize for Science and Religion (2002) and the von Humboldt Foundation Award (1999). Polkinghorne is the founding president of the International Society for Science and Religion and he is one of the founders of the Society of Ordained Scientists.
Polkinghorne is internationally recognized for his contribution to the study of theology and science, and he has published several books that combine theological inquiry with scientific investigation. These books include: The Faith of a Physicist; Quarks, Chaos and Christianity; Science & Theology: An Introduction; Questions of Truth; Living with Hope: A Scientist Looks at Advent, Christmas and Epiphany; and Belief in God in an Age of Science.
“Deconstructing Darwinian Selfishness”
Joan Roughgarden received a Bachelor of Science in biology and a Bachelor of Arts in philosophy from University of Rochester in 1968, and a Ph.D. in biology from Harvard University in 1971. She has taught at Stanford University since 1972 and is Professor of Biology and Geophysics. In 1992 Joan founded and then directed the Earth Systems Program at Stanford, and in 1995 received the Dinkelspiel Award at Stanford for service to undergraduate education. She was elected a Guggenheim fellow in 1986, and a fellow of the American Academy of the Arts and Sciences in 1993.
Joan’s current research focuses on the evolution of social and sexual behaviors and mutualistic interactions, emphasizing the role of cooperation, using game theory and the economic theory of the firm to develop alternatives to sexual selection theory and its corollaries. She has written about this subject in her recent books, The Genial Gene (2009) and Evolution’s Rainbow (2004), which won a Stonewall Prize for nonfiction from the American Library Association. Her previous work includes investigations of the community ecology of Caribbean Anolis lizards, the coupling of oceanic and benthic processes in the population dynamics of intertidal invertebrates, and the theory of ecological economics. Joan has published more than 160 papers, and eight books including Theory of Population Genetics and Evolutionary Ecology (1979), Anolis Lizards of the Caribbean (1995), Primer of Ecological Theory (1998), and Evolution and Christian Faith (2006).
“Faith at the Leading Edge of Technology”
Kevin Kelly is Senior Maverick at Wired magazine. He co-founded Wired in 1993 and served as its executive editor from its inception until 1999. He is also editor and publisher of the Cool Tools website, which gets half a million unique visitors per month. From 1984 to 1990 Kelly was publisher and editor of the Whole Earth Review, a journal of unorthodox technical news. He co-founded the ongoing Hackers’ Conference and was involved with the 1985 launch of the WELL, a pioneering online service.
Kelly is author of the best-selling New Rules for the New Economy and the classic book on decentralized emergent systems, Out of Control. In 2010 Viking/Penguin published his latest, What Technology Wants.
“An Evolutionary View of Sacraments”
Linda Gibler is celebrating her 25th year as a Dominican Sister of Houston. She is the Associate Academic Dean at the Oblate School of Theology in San Antonio, an adjunct professor for the Loyola Institute for Ministry, and a science editor for the Collins Foundation Press.
Linda studied with Brian Swimme at the California Institute of Integral Studies in San Francisco and completed her PhD in Philosophy and Religion in 2007. In addition to the PhD, she earned an MA in Philosophy and Religion at CIIS, a MAPS at Aquinas Institute of Theology, and a BA in Sociology and Life Science Ethics at the William Paterson College of New Jersey.
Before her San Francisco studies, Linda was the director of social ministry for a parish in Houston, where she coordinated direct services, social outreach, and social justice programs. She worked for a Texas agency to insure health care for indigent women, and served on a hospital medical ethics board.
Linda delights in telling the 14 billion-year story of the Universe, stars, and Earth, as well as the stories of the common things that surround us. Her book, From the Beginning to Baptism: Scientific and Sacred Stories of Water, Oil, and Fire (Liturgical Press, 2010), tells the cosmic stories of the primary sacramental of baptism and considers the difference it would make if we allowed Nature to teach us about God, ourselves, and right relationship with all members of the Earth community.
“The Emerging Church: A Heretical Guide”
Spencer Burke continually integrates his passion for the Church, arts, culture and technology, sparking new thought and conversation in his audiences and clients. Whether speaking to 10,000 or dialoguing with 10, he encourages people to view their business, ministry and relationships in new ways, leaving them ablaze with the possibilities. Humorous, inspirational and surprising are words people use to describe his story-telling speaking style. Groups respond to Spencer’s pastoral heart and futurist thinking. In these times of hope and challenge, he brings a voice tempered by a wide background of learning and experience, and integrates the latest trends and technology.
For the past 10+ years, Spencer has been at the forefront of the emerging Church movement, including creating and maintaining TheOOZE.com – one of the earliest expressions of this transition in the Church. TheOOZE.com has become one of the largest relational networks where people of all Christian traditions interact in a web-based community (numbering over 150,000 users a month from over 90 different countries). He also hosts an offline gathering – a learning party called Soularize – which offers participants a safe place to experience and explore the emerging trends in theology, Church, the arts and faith.
Spencer is the author of three books: Making Sense of Church, establishes new metaphors to help define the future trajectory of the Church; Out of TheOOZE, chronicles the spiritual awakenings of members from TheOOZE.com in their own words – using articles from the site – with Spencer’s commentary; A Heretic’s Guide to Eternity, ground breaking and controversial book that explores grace and salvation beyond the confines of religion.
Ursula King – “Evolutionary Spirituality and the Power of Love”
Ursula King is Professor Emerita of Theology and Religious Studies, University of Bristol, where she held the Chair of Theology and Religious Studies from 1989-2002, after teaching for many years at the University of Leeds, in London, and in India. She was Visiting Professor in Feminist Theology at the University of Oslo (1998-2001), and in 1999 she held the Brueggeman Chair in Interreligious Studies at Xavier University, Cincinnati. In the fall of 2005 she was the distinguished Bingham Professor of Humanities at the University of Louisville, KY. She is currently Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Bristol; Professorial Research Associate in the Department of the Study of Religions, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London; and a Vice President of the World Congress of Faiths.
Professor King has published and broadcast widely, especially on women and spirituality, gender issues in world religions, and the French thinker Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. contributed Among her publications are The Search for Spirituality: Our global search for a spiritual life, 2008; 2009, German translation 2010), Christian Mystics: Their Lives and Legacies Throughout the Ages (2001 & 2004), the edited volumes Gender, Religion and Diversity (2004 & 2005), Religion and Gender (1995), Spirituality and Society in the New Millennium (2001) and Faith and Praxis in a Postmodern Age (1998). She gave the 1996 Bampton Lectures at the University of Oxford (Christ in All Things. Exploring Spirituality with Teilhard de Chardin, 1997) and wrote the biography, Spirit of Fire: The Life and Vision of Teilhard de Chardin (1996) Her current research is concerned with contemporary spirituality, comparative gender perspectives in different world religions, and women in interfaith dialogue. She has been awarded honorary doctorates from Edinburgh University (1996), Oslo University (2000) and the University of Dayton, Ohio (2003). Currently in press is her book Teilhard de Chardin and Eastern Religions: Spirituality and Mysticism in an Evolutionary World (2011).
“God and the Evolutionary World”
Joan Chittister is one of the most articulate social analysts and influential religious leaders of our age. For 30 years she has put her energy into advocating for the critical questions impacting the global community. Courageous, passionate and charged with energy, she is a much sought after speaker, counselor and clear voice across all religions. Sr. Joan is a Benedictine Sister of Erie, Pennsylvania and author of more than 40 books. Currently she serves as co-chair of the Global Peace Initiative of Women, a partner organization of the United Nations facilitating a worldwide network of women peace builders.
In June 2009 Joan presented an address, “God and the Evolutionary World,” at the Science and Spirituality conference in Cortona, Italy. A regular columnist for the National Catholic Reporter, Joan has received numerous awards and recognition for her work for justice, peace, and equality, especially for women in the Church and in society. In December 2009 she spoke at the Parliament of World Religions in Melbourne, Australia and has appeared with the Dali Lama at the First Emory (University) Summit of Religion, Conflict, and Peace-building.
Her book The Tent of Abraham: stories of hope and peace for Christians, Muslims and Jews, was coauthored with Rabbi Arthur Waskow and Neil Douglas-Klotz, and Welcome to the Wisdom of the World was a First Place Award winner from the Catholic Press Association. Uncommon Gratitude, a book she co-wrote with the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, was released earlier this year.
Sister Joan received her Masters degree from the University of Notre Dame and her doctorate from Penn State University in Speech Communications Theory. She was an invited fellow and research associate at St. Edmund’s College, Cambridge University. She is the founder and director of Benetvision: a resource and research center for contemporary spirituality located in Erie (benetvision.org) and served as prioress of her Benedictine community.
She is currently helping to develop a program to enable lay groups to live Benedictine spirituality in a contemporary way.
“Expanding the Trinity: God in 3D”
Paul Smith is co-pastor of Broadway Church in Kansas City, Missouri. While serving two Southern Baptist churches in St. Louis, he earned a BA in psychology at Washington University in 1959. During that time, he also founded and led a series of annual youth camps and college retreats that were attended by thousands of young people over the course of a decade. After receiving a Masters degree in theology and biblical studies from Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, he came to Broadway Baptist Church in midtown Kansas City in 1963, where he continues to pastor and teach today.
During his nearly half century of leadership at Broadway Church the congregation has evolved from a traditional Southern Baptist church to the integral evolutionary model described in his most recent book, Integral Christianity: The Spirit’s Call to Evolve (Paragon House). It is recognized as a pioneer in small groups, contemporary worship, team leadership, justice issues, church renewal, and spiritual formation.
In 1980, Rev. Smith created a workshop on spiritual gifts which is still used around the world, with over thirty thousand copies of the materials in print, including Spanish, German, and Portuguese editions. He delivered the 1988 Distinguished Christian Scholar Lecture Series at William Jewell College and has been listed in every edition of Who’s Who in Religion since 1974.
Smith has taught extensively on contemporary church life in many churches and seminaries, including St. Paul Methodist School of Theology, Unity Ministerial School, and Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary. He contributed two chapters to the book Enabling the Dialogue About Homosexuality. In addition to Integral Christianity, he also authored, Is It Okay To Call God Mother? Considering the feminine face of God (Hendrickson).
Paul’s passion is to see today’s churches become radically inclusive and theologically progressive healing communities focused on the transformation that comes from following Jesus, whatever the cost.
He and his church were kicked out of the Southern Baptist Convention in 2003 for blessing gay and lesbian unions.
Michael Dowd – “Evidence as Divine Communication: REALizing Faith”
Michael Dowd is an itinerant evolutionary evangelist of religious naturalism. He is the author of Thank God for Evolution: How the Marriage of Science and Religion Will Transform Your Life and Our World, which was endorsed by 6 Nobel laureates and other science luminaries, including noted skeptics, and by religious leaders across the spectrum.
Since April 2002 Rev. Dowd and his wife, Connie Barlow, a science writer, have traveled North America and have addressed more than eleven hundred religious and secular audiences. They show how the science-based epic of physical, biological, and cultural evolution—humanity’s common creation story—can be interpreted in ways that inspire people to cooperate across religious and political differences in service of a just and thriving future for all. They also show how an understanding of human nature given by evolutionary psychology and brain science can help each of us live with greater integrity and passion for life.
Michael received a B.A. from Evangel University and a Master of Divinity from Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary (now Palmer Seminary) and went on to pastor three United Church of Christ congregations. His 1991 book, EarthSpirit: A Handbook for Nurturing an Ecological Christianity, was one of the first attempts to look appreciatively at biblical Christianity from the perspective of a modern cosmology.
From 1995 to 2002, Rev. Dowd worked with Jewish, Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Evangelical religious leaders across America on key environmental issues that were coming up for a vote in Congress, and managed government-funded sustainable lifestyle campaigns on both coasts.
Dowd’s great passion in life is showing people of all backgrounds and beliefs how scientific, historical, and cross-cultural evidence can be understood as divine revelation and experienced as divine guidance, and can provide a rock-solid foundation for a life of joy and meaningful service.